We the People Act(HR 3893 IH)March 4, 2004 To limit the jurisdiction of the Federal courts, and for other purposes. Mr. PAUL (for himself and Mr. BARTLETT of Maryland) introduced the bill in the 108th Congress and needs to be introduced in the 109th Congress.

Saturday, December 4

Rep. Bill Graves on Judicial Tyranny

It is now generally believed that grounds for removal under impeachment must be only for treason, bribery or for violation of a criminal statute. However, David Barton, in his book “Impeachment: Restraining An Overactive Judiciary,” has documented that the Framers of the Constitution had a much broader view. Barton states that “impeachments of federal judges in the century-and-a-half following the ratification of the Constitution usually revolved around non-statutory and non-criminal charges rather than today’s standard of a direct violation of statutory law.”

Justice Joseph Story, the U.S. Supreme Court’s greatest scholar, believed such a restriction was preposterous and said, “No one has as yet been bold enough to assert that the power of impeachment is limited to offenses positively defined in the statute book of the Union as impeachable high crimes and misdemeanors.” Justice Story said impeachment was for protecting the rights of the people “and to rescue their liberties from violation,” and a remedy for “political offenses, growing out of personal misconduct, or gross neglect, or usurpation, or habitual disregard of public interests,” as well as a check upon “arbitrary power.” So were “unconstitutional opinions” and “attempts to subvert the fundamental laws and introduce arbitrary power.”

Founding Father and later Supreme Court Justice James Wilson said “(i)mpeachments are confined to political characters, (and) to political crimes and misdemeanors..” George Mason, who is called “the Father of the Bill of Rights,” saw impeachment as a remedy for “attempts to subvert the Constitution.” Hamilton said the subjects of impeachment are those which may “be denominated political.” Justice Samuel Chase was impeached for his judicial high-handedness and arbitrary uses of the judicial power. Barton also points out that one federal judge was impeached for supporting the secession movement. Federal judges were removed from office in 1904, 1912 and 1926 for judicial high-handedness.

Judge Robert Bork warned that lawless Courts are “engaged in civil disobedience, a disobedience arguably more dangerous, because more insidious and hence more damaging to democratic institutions, than the civil disobedience of the streets.” The Battle of Bunker Hill was not fought and the Founders did not pledge their “lives, fortunes and sacred honor” to empower federal judges to twist, as Jefferson said, the Constitution into any form they please. If constitutional liberties are to be restored and republican government preserved, Congress must utilize its constitutional impeachment power.

JUDICIAL TYRANTS SHOULD BE IMPEACHED - Bill Graves is a lawyer and a member of the Oklahoma House of Representatives

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