We the People Act(HR 3893 IH)March 4, 2004 To limit the jurisdiction of the Federal courts, and for other purposes. Mr. PAUL (for himself and Mr. BARTLETT of Maryland) introduced the bill in the 108th Congress and needs to be introduced in the 109th Congress.

Saturday, December 4

Impeaching Federal Judges:A Covenantal And Constitutional Response To Judicial Tyranny

There is evidence that the mere threat of impeachment will have a salutary effect on the federal judiciary. As noted in the Introduction, the law school deans found this aspect of the impeachment movement especially troubling. Yet, the historical data clearly reflect that the Framers intended the threat of impeachment to have exactly this effect. Impeachment is a multi-step process. Resolutions can be introduced, authorizing impeachment directly or authorizing an investigation into possible impeachment proceedings. Assuming that an investigation occurs first, the steps leading to conviction would include investigation, debate on whether or not to draft articles of impeachment, a vote on passage of the articles, a trial in the Senate, and conviction. The farther the process goes, the greater the salutary impact will likely be. Those who are persuaded that impeaching judicial tyrants is correct should not give up before they start simply because they don’t think they can obtain the final goal of conviction.

Joseph Story understood that the threat of impeachment must be real in order to serve as an effective check. He wrote that on the one hand, impeachment should not "be a power so operative and instant that it may intimidate a modest and conscientious statesman or other functionary from accepting office," but that on the other hand, it must not be "so weak and torpid as to be capable of lulling offenders into a general security and indifference.

There is some evidence to support the thesis that impeachment investigations also serve the function Story anticipated.

Steven W. Fitschen, Impeaching Federal Judges: A Covenantal And Constitutional Response To Judicial Tyranny - Regent University Law Review, Volume 10, SPRING 1998

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